Proceedings of the 10th Convention of the
European Acoustics Association
Forum Acusticum 2023


Politecnico di Torino
Torino, Italy
September 11 - 15, 2023





Session: A14-05: Soundscape assessment and mapping (indicators, descriptors and metrics), and Virtual/Augmented reality tools for soundscape studies - Part I
Date: Monday 11 September 2023
Time: 17:40 - 18:00
Title: The Urban Acoustic Environment as a Complex Network
Author(s): T. Haselhoff, Institute for Urban Public Health, University Hospital Essen, Hufelandstr. 55, 45147 Essen, Germany
T. Braun, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Telegrafenberg, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
A. Fiebig, Technische Universit├Ąt Berlin, Institute of Fluid Dynamics and Technical Acoustics, Engineering Acoustics, Einsteinufer 25, 10587 Berlin, Germany
B. Lawrence, TU Dortmund University, Vogelpothsweg 87, 44227 Dortmund, Germany
S. Moebus, Institute for Urban Public Health, University Hospital Essen, Hufelandstr. 55, 45147 Essen, Germany
Pages: 713-716
DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.61782/fa.2023.0302
PDF: https://dael.euracoustics.org/confs/fa2023/data/articles/000302.pdf
Conference proceedings
Abstract

The urban acoustic environment (AE) contains valuable information on complex sub- systems of urban areas, such as traffic or biodiversity. As the availability of cheap sensors and computational power increases, so does the need for methods to process high-dimensional audio data. We take this as an opportunity to introduce complex networks (CNs) to the field of urban acoustics. CNs have proved effective in capturing the complexity of e.g. climate dynamics or brain structures, and thus, represent a promising tool for the high-dimensional urban AE. We present how CNs are constructed based on frequency correlation matrices and show their behaviour for various time periods and sound sources. To demonstrate their use on longitudinal audio data, we apply them to the dataset from the SALVE study to systematically characterize the urban AE. We use data from May 2019 to March 2020, comprising 50 recordings per day for 23 locations in Bochum, Germany (n = 319,385). Using land use-mix as a proxy for the AE, we show that CNs exhibit land use-specific diel cycles. Measures such as Link Density identify urban sites with similar AEs, indicating the usefulness of CNs to identify non-random patterns in large datasets of the urban AE.